4. Learn Composition Rules
Any good designer or artist has been taught the basics of composition and framing. Likewise, all beginner photographers must also think about these same rules to become a better visual artist. Many composition rules such as the rule of thirds, leading lines, symmetry and patterns, depth and field, and framing will surely help enhance your photos. The rule of thirds is one of the most popular principles and frames a subject within a grid that sections a screen into 9 areas, much like a Tic-Tac-Toe board. According to the rule, a viewer is attracted to each intersecting line, so this is where a major focal point should be.
Another rule to follow is leading lines. Using natural lines within a shot, such as a railing or train tracks, pulls a viewer into the picture by creating a sense of direction. Symmetry and patterns create an aesthetically pleasing look and will help catch the viewer’s eye. Also, depth and field is a popular composition rule since it only gives your subject the main focus and blurs out the background. Once you become familiar with these composition rules, don’t be afraid to break them and try new things.